Gingivitis and Gum Disease (Periodontics) Treatment in Downtown Edmonton
Gingivitis and gum disease are dangerous. Left untreated it can result in lost teeth and damaged gums and jaws, and it has been linked to more serious health conditions.
The best defence against gum disease is prevention through good dental health habits and early detection and treatment of symptoms. Brushing and flossing remove infection-causing plaque, and regular professional cleaning and dental exams remove tartar and detect the early signs of disease.
We provide a range of periodontal services to prevent gum disease and treat its symptoms.
Scaling and Root Planing
The roots of your teeth are normally smooth. When tartar builds up on your roots, or if there are imperfections on their surface, it can cause the surrounding gum tissue to become irritated. Over time the irritation makes the gum tissue vulnerable to infection.
To reduce this risk, we use special scaling and planing tools to remove tartar and smooth the rough areas of your roots.
We perform extractions of damaged or compromised teeth. Extractions are performed under local anesthetic and we have sedation options available for anxious patients.
After a tooth is lost or extracted, the remaining socket needs to be treated to avoid the risk of dry socket or the surrounding tissue collapsing into the empty space left by the tooth. We fill the socket with special material to protect and preserve it.
The alveolar ridge is the ridge of bone that surrounds the roots of your teeth. Sometimes the bone tissue in your alveolar ridge can break down, causing areas of the ridge to become weaker. This bone loss can complicate the placement of a dental implant or it can change the appearance of your mouth. To repair this bone loss, we build up the lost bone tissue to restore the shape and strength of the ridge.
The bone tissue between the upper part of your mouth and your sinuses can be very thin. This can create complications if we are attempting to place a dental implant in your upper jaw. To remedy this, we augment the bone tissue with grafts to build up and strengthen the area.
Bone grafts are used to build up areas where bone tissue has been lost. Donor bone tissue is grafted into the area, where it integrates with and strengthens your natural bone tissue.
Gum grafting is a procedure similar to skin grafting where gum tissue is grafted onto areas where your natural gum tissue has been damaged or lost. It is used to make improvements to the appearance of your gums and to restore gum tissue that has been lost due to surgery, injury, or infection.
Pocket Depth Reduction
Small pockets can form around the base of your teeth. These pockets can collect food particles and become infected. To prevent this, we surgically reduce the size of the pockets.
To directly access your jawbones and the roots of your teeth we need to make small incisions in your gums to open up a “flap” of tissue. Once the procedure is finished the flap is closed with sutures.
If your gums are too high on your teeth (causing a “gummy” smile) they can be reduced by surgically removing small amounts of tissue to expose more of your tooth. This procedure may also be used during the placement of dental crowns.
Call our office to learn more about how to protect yourself from gingivitis and gum disease!